With two years under her belt as the first female prime minister of Australia, Julia Gillard oversees a population of 22 million and a GDP of $917 billion. This year, the Labor Party leader, who became an Australian citizen in 1974, has struggled with rising energy bills and illegal immigration: waves of asylum-seekers from Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Malaysia. After two boats sank en route from Indonesia to Australia in June, killing at least 94 people, the two countries reached an agreement to better police their citizens and borders. "I welcome the co-operation we have with Indonesia on people smuggling, including Indonesia's law enforcement efforts against people-smuggling syndicates," said Gillard. The 50-year-old PM, the first to forgo attending the Olympic games since Sydney hosted in 2000, has never married or had children.
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